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Thursday, 15 October 2020

8 Impressive Benefits of Carrot Juice

 Carrot juice is extracted from whole carrots and extremely nutritious.

It not only provides potassium and vitamin C but also is very rich in provitamin A. Drinking carrot juice is thought to boost immunity and improve eye and skin health, among other benefits (1Trusted Source).

Here are 8 impressive benefits of carrot juice.

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Carrot juice is low in calories and carbs while packing numerous nutrients. One cup (240 mL) contains (1Trusted Source):

  • Calories: 96
  • Protein: 2 grams
  • Fat: less than 1 gram
  • Carbs: 22 grams
  • Sugars: 9 grams
  • Fiber: 2 grams
  • Vitamin A (as provitamin A): 255% of the Daily Value (DV)
  • Vitamin C: 23% of the DV
  • Vitamin K: 31% of the DV
  • Potassium: 15% of the DV

Carrot juice also provides the carotenoid pigments lutein and zeaxanthin, which act as antioxidants in your body. Antioxidants fight unstable molecules called free radicals (1Trusted Source2Trusted Source).

The main carotenoid in carrot juice is beta carotene, which is responsible for carrots’ orange color. Your body converts it into the antioxidant vitamin A.

SUMMARY

Carrot juice is loaded with vitamin A and high in vitamins C and K. It also contains plant compounds called carotenoids, which act as antioxidants.

Carrot juice contains high amounts of nutrients that benefit your eyes.

Specifically, 1 cup (250 ml) of carrot juice packs over 250% of the DV for vitamin A, mostly in the form of provitamin A carotenoids like beta carotene (1Trusted Source).

Vitamin A is vital for eye health. Several studies associate the intake of fruits and vegetables that contain provitamin A with a decreased risk of blindness and age-related eye diseases (3Trusted Source4Trusted Source).

What’s more, carrot juice is an excellent source of lutein and zeaxanthin, two other carotenoids that accumulate in your eyes and shield them from damaging light (1Trusted Source).

A high dietary intake of lutein and zeaxanthin may lower your risk of eye issues, such as age-related macular degeneration (AMD). One analysis of 6 studies linked a high dietary intake of these compounds to a 26% lower risk of late AMD, compared with a low intake (4Trusted Source5Trusted Source).

SUMMARY

Carrot juice is a very good source of carotenoids, including beta carotene, lutein, and zeaxanthin, which are vital for eye health and may protect against AMD.

Carrot juice may give your immune system a boost.

Both vitamins A and C found in carrot juice act as antioxidants and protect immune cells from free radical damage (5Trusted Source6Trusted Source).

Additionally, this juice is a rich source of vitamin B6, providing over 30% of the DV in 1 cup (240 mL). Not only is vitamin B6 necessary for an optimal immune response, but deficiency in it is also linked to weakened immunity (1Trusted Source7Trusted Source).

In fact, one rodent study found that inadequate dietary intake of vitamin B6 prohibited the growth of immune cells called lymphocytes (7Trusted Source).

All the same, human studies are needed.

SUMMARY

As a rich source of vitamins A, B6, and C, carrot juice may help strengthen your immune system.

Test-tube studies suggest that certain compounds in carrot juice may protect against cancer.

Specifically, polyacetylenes, beta carotene, and lutein from carrot juice extract may be effective against human leukemia cells (8Trusted Source9Trusted Source).

One test-tube study found that treating leukemia cells with carrot juice extracts for 72 hours led to cancer cell death and stopped the cell growth cycle (9Trusted Source).

Another test-tube study reported similar results but indicated that polyacetylenes — not beta carotene or lutein — are the main anticancer agents in carrot juice (8Trusted Source).

While these results appear promising, few human studies are available.

A 2-week study in 22 healthy young men found that drinking approximately 1.5 cups (330 mL) of carrot juice per day didn’t significantly affect biomarkers in feces related to colon cancer. Still, this was a short study with a limited sample size (10Trusted Source).

Overall, more extensive research is needed. Carrot juice should not be considered a cancer treatment.

SUMMARY

Compounds in carrot juice have been shown to trigger cancer cell death in test-tube studies. However, more human research is needed.

Drinking small amounts of carrot juice may help lower blood sugar levels.

In particular, studies in rats with type 2 diabetes show that fermented carrot juice decreases blood sugar and improves other related markers. That’s because the juice contains probiotics, which are beneficial bacteria that affect gut bacteria associated with diabetes (11Trusted Source12Trusted Source13Trusted Source).

Another rodent study found that purple carrot juice boosts blood sugar control due to the anti-inflammatory effect of its anthocyanin pigments (14Trusted Source).

Yet, these are very specific types of carrot juice. It isn’t known whether regular carrot juice has similar effects.

Even so, carrot juice has a low glycemic index (GI) — a measure of how much a certain food increases blood sugar levels. Consuming low glycemic foods and beverages may help improve blood sugar management in people with diabetes (1516Trusted Source).

Thus, carrot juice may be a good replacement for high GI fruit juices. However, it’s important to keep portion sizes in check, as too much may spike blood sugar levels.

SUMMARY

Limited animal studies suggest that fermented and purple carrot juice improve blood sugar control. While regular carrot juice also has a low GI, you should be sure to drink it in very moderate amounts.

The nutrients in carrot juice may be particularly beneficial for skin health.

One cup (250 ml) of carrot juice provides over 20% of the DV for vitamin C, a water-soluble nutrient necessary for collagen production. This compound is the most abundant fibrous protein in your body, and it provides elasticity and strength to your skin (1Trusted Source17Trusted Source).

Additionally, vitamin C acts as an antioxidant to protect your skin from free radical damage (17Trusted Source).

The beta carotene in carrot juice may likewise aid your skin. One study found that a carotenoid-rich diet may protect your skin from ultraviolet (UV) damage and improve skin appearance (18Trusted Source).

SUMMARY

Carrot juice provides vitamin C and beta carotene, two antioxidants that may protect your skin from damage. Vitamin C is also necessary for the production of collagen, which strengthens skin.

Carrot juice may help reduce risk factors for heart disease.

First, carrot juice is a good source of potassium, a mineral that plays an important role in proper blood pressure regulation. A high potassium diet has been shown to protect against high blood pressure and stroke (1Trusted Source1920Trusted Source21Trusted Source).

Antioxidant compounds in carrot juice may also benefit your heart.

A 3-month study in 17 adults with high cholesterol and triglyceride levels found that drinking 2 cups (480 mL) of carrot juice per day significantly increased blood antioxidants and decreased the oxidation of blood lipids that may lead to heart disease (22Trusted Source).

Still, more human research is needed.

SUMMARY

The potassium and antioxidants in carrot juice may help lower blood pressure and decrease risk factors for heart disease.

The carotenoids in carrot juice are thought to promote liver health.

Several studies indicate that the anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects of carotenoids protect against non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) (23Trusted Source24Trusted Source).

NAFLD occurs when fat accumulates on your liver, typically as a result of poor diet, excess weight, or obesity. It may eventually progress to liver scarring and lasting damage.

An 8-week study in rats found that carrot juice reduced some markers of NAFLD. Another rodent study produced similar results, revealing that carrot juice didn’t reduce fat on the liver but decreased inflammatory blood markers (25Trusted Source26Trusted Source).

Nonetheless, human studies are needed.

SUMMARY

Due to its high amount of anti-inflammatory carotenoids, carrot juice may protect your liver against conditions like NAFLD. Yet, more research is necessary.

While carrot juice is perfectly safe for most people, there are a few precautions to keep in mind.

Some carrot juices, especially freshly prepared varieties, may not have been pasteurized to kill harmful bacteria. Pregnant women, older adults, young children, and those with compromised immune systems should avoid unpasteurized carrot juice.

Additionally, drinking very large amounts of carrot juice may lead to carotenemia, a condition that turns your skin yellow-orange as a result of high blood levels of beta carotene (27Trusted Source).

While it’s not harmful, it can be alarming. Temporarily removing sources of beta carotene from your diet typically resolves the issue.

Finally, carrot juice has less fiber than whole carrots and contains natural sugars. Since the lower fiber content means that its sugars are absorbed more quickly, drinking too much may spike your blood sugar levels.

While carrot juice’s low GI means that it doesn’t increase your blood sugar as much as other juices, you should still be careful to moderate your intake if you have diabetes — especially if you drink it on its own (15).

SUMMARY

Some varieties of carrot juice may not be pasteurized and should be avoided by certain populations, including pregnant women. Drinking too much may also temporarily change your skin color.

Carrot juice is incredibly nutritious, providing potassium, several carotenoids, and vitamins A, C, and K.

Drinking this veggie juice may help improve eye health, boost your immune system, and strengthen skin. However, more extensive human research is needed.

Since it contains natural sugars, you may want to drink it in moderation.

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